We are very strict towards plagiarim, and this applies both to team works and dissertations. We therefore invite our students to read the following text.


Students do not always recognize what counts as plagiarism and sometimes do not care about its seriousness. It is not merely a way of cheating yourself: it is unfair to the original authors and to other students.  The penalties for it are severe so you have to be careful that what you write does not count as plagiarism, even unintentionally.

Let us define plagiarism as follows:

Plagiarism is the use o fsomeone else’s ideas and expressions as if they were yours, without proper acknowledgement of their origin.


This includes all of the following cases:


  • Quotations (which should always be in quotation marks or, when longer, in a separate nested paragraph).
  • Paraphrases or Summaries of someone else’s work
  • Suggestions or Comments of an acquaintance (e.g., a remark made by a friend or by a professor in lecture).

In each of these cases you should cite the source of the material in a footnote or endnote, with enough information so that a reader can trace the source you are citing (You may read the indication on the section “Dissertation” on how to write a bibliography correctly). Conversations, correspondence and lectures should not be mentioned in the bibliography. But you should still acknowledge these sources in a note.

Please note that also the use of the work of other students, without proper aknowledgement, is considered plagiarism. If you are in doubt on how, who, where and when to cite, do not hesitate to contact us, we will be glad to help you.




Adapted from “Plagiarism” – Course note by Prof. Victor Caston, University of Michigan



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